Release History


rinohtype uses Semantic Versioning for its releases. In summary, this means that each release gets a version number MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH. The MAJOR version number is increased when backwards-incompatible API changes are made. However, until we exit beta and reach version 1.0.0, anything may change at any time.

With this in mind, to ease upgrading from a previous version, I try to explicitly list backward-incompatible changes in the Changed section for each release. Be sure to check these when upgrading.

Release 0.5.5 (in development)

Documentation changes:

  • A showcase section was added to the manual to show examples of documents that can be produced by rinohtype.

New Features:

  • Print alt text instead of error message when failing to render rst :image: directive (PR #410 by Timm638)

  • Support for Spanish section and admonition titles (PR #400 by María Andrea


  • Enumerated list item labels now also respect the number_separator style property, enabling hierarchical list item labels (discussion #350).

  • Admonitions now have a ‘custom_title_text’ property that can be used to style generic admonitions. For example, this style definition applies to .. admonition:: Fun Fact:

    [fun fact admonition : Admonition(custom_title_text='Fun Fact')]
    base = admonition
    border_top = none
    border_bottom = none


  • “words” containing spaces (such as paths and URLs) can now be split before each forward slash for line wrapping (#188, #416)

  • Support for Python 3.7 was dropped (end-of-life in June 2023)

  • MyST replaces recommonmark for Markdown support (issues #265 and #370)

  • The Article template has been overhauled. The title page and front matter parts have been removed and their contents are moved to the first content page. This makes the Article template more useful, since it was too similar to the Book template before.

  • Template options whose purpose can also be fulfilled by setting the hide style property to true have been removed. The corresponding style definitions are:

    • TitlePageTemplate.show_date: title page date

    • TitlePageTemplate.show_author: title page author

    • Article.table_of_contents: table of contents section


  • Rendering of tables with no body (#420, PR #422 by th0mr)

  • Hyphenation of the first word on a line (#188, #416)

  • AttributeError: ‘ZeroWidthSpace’ object has no attribute ‘hyphenate’ (#415, PR #417 by Jack Whitham)

  • Fix a Python 3.12 DeprecationWarning regarding utcfromtimestamp()

  • Sphinx frontend: support the desc_sig_space document node (#414)

  • Hyphenated word split across pages merges with the next word (#388)

  • Compatibility with importlib-metadata 6.0.0 (#389)

  • Document part templates were not retrieved recursively (#379 comment)

  • Listing the installed fonts in a PDF: rinoh --list-fonts <filename>

  • Crash on rendering a heading with an index entry annotation (#369)

  • Crash on encountering a fully-spanned table row (#369)

  • Crash on rendering a figure caption with the default style (#368)

  • Google Fonts fixes

    • Some fonts on Google Fonts have the ‘otf’ extension (instead of ‘ttf’); also collect these.

    • Look recursively for font files in the a Google Fonts directory (e.g. Asap fonts are now stored in a deeper directory).

Release 0.5.4 (2022-06-17)

A discussion board has been set up where you can connect with other rinohtype users and the developers!

New Features:

  • Support for sideways figures and tables; these are placed on a separate page, rotated 90 degrees. This is useful for figures/tables that do not fit within the page width. See the float style attribute.

  • The GroupedFlowables same_page style property forces all of a GroupedFlowables’ content to be placed on the same page (if possible).

  • Support for OpenType fonts with non-BMP Unicode characters (PR #308 by James Robinson)

  • Heading labels (numbers) can be styled separately by means of the ‘heading level X label’ selectors for each heading level X.

  • Sphinx Graphviz extension (sphinx.ext.graphviz) support (PR #300 by Daniel Rapp)

  • The StyledText no_break_after style property accepts a list of words after which no line break is allowed. The default is to use a list of words specific to the language configured for the template (articles, prepositions, conjunctions - only provided for English and Czech for now).

  • Footnotes and citations can now optionally be rendered where they are located in the source document instead of as footnotes. This is controlled by the location style property for notes. (issue #269, PR #271 by Alex Fargus)

  • The before and after style properties are now supported on paragraphs too

  • The separator string between an inline admonition title and the admonition text is now specified in the style sheet (after property of the admonition inline title style), so it can be overridden (default: space character).

  • Warn about targets in rinoh_targets that are not defined in rinoh_documents.

  • UpDownExpandingContainer: a container that symmetrically expands both upwards and downwards.

  • Admonition: selectors for the first paragraph where the admonition title was prepended to (e.g. note title paragraph).

  • Support interlaced PNG images (#274). Note that this can slow down rendering significantly for many/large interlaced images.

  • rinoh now accepts the --versions argument, useful for bug reports


  • Support for Python 3.6 was dropped (end-of-life in December 2021)

  • Provide a more informative exception message when Pillow cannot be imported.


  • Fix cross-referencing of citations defined in the master Sphinx document

  • ContainerOverflow when rendering (some) labeled flowables near the bottom of the page (issue #315)

  • rinoh crashes with an unhandled exception when the template is not found (issue #291)

  • rinoh --format option is broken (issue #284)

  • Unhandled exception on loading some JPEG images (issue #319)

  • Page breaks for sections following an empty section were not respected.

  • Compatibility with Sphinx 4.4 on Python <3.10 (AttributeError: 'DynamicRinohDistribution' object has no attribute '_normalized_name')

  • In some cases, footnotes referenced in a table were placed on the page preceding the footnote reference.

  • Handle output (PDF, style log and cache) filenames containing a dot in the stem (the final dot and characters following it were interpreted as an extension and dropped)

  • Compatibility with Sphinx 4.3 (crash on rendering object descriptions)

  • Regression in handling of unsupported docutils nodes

  • Crash due to floating point rounding error (PR #302 by Sam Hartman)

  • Setting ‘number_format’ to none caused a crash; now it causes the caption label to be omitted.

  • Handle citations and corresponding citation references that are not defined in the same source file.

  • Fix error message for –stylesheet argument with relative path (issue #253, PR #266 by Alex Fargus)

  • Descenders affect spacing between top border and content (issue #144)

  • The table of contents (outlines) displayed in PDF readers show garbled text when section titles contain non-ASCII characters.

  • Page templates with a page-filling background cause an infinite rendering loop when placing a footnote.

  • Crash on loading PNGs containing an iTXt chunk (PR #275 by Alex Fargus)

  • Line-wrapped section headings without hyphenation are missing from the page header.

  • Sphinx frontend: inline text marked with the :menuselection: role is not styled (now mapped to the menu cascade style).

  • Typos in code and documentation (PR #277 by Tim Gates, PR #281 by Filipe Tavares)

  • Handle deprecation of importlib SelectableGroups dict interface (Python 3.10 and importlib_metadata 3.6)

  • Handle deprecation of distutils in Python 3.10 (use the packaging package)

Part of the work included in this release was kindly sponsored by Lekis and Railnova.

Release 0.5.3 (2021-06-16)

New Features:

  • Document part templates now accept a page_number_prefix (StyledText). For example, set page_number_prefix = '{SECTION_NUMBER(1)}-' to prefix the page number with the chapter number. You’ll want to use this with the new page break options (see next item).

  • The page_break style attribute now also accepts left restart, right restart and any restart values to restart page numbering

  • The new continue page number format makes it more explicit when to not restart page numbering.

  • Setting the base for a style to NEXT_STYLE proceeds to look up style attributes in the next matching style if they are undefined.

  • The default matcher now defines the table head cell background style.

  • Support True/OpenType fonts with ‘Symbol’ encoding (e.g. Web/Wingdings)

  • If the RINOH_NO_CACHE environment variable is set, the references cache (.rtc file) won’t be loaded nor saved. This is mostly useful for testing.


  • Smarter automatic sizing of table columns; don’t needlessly pad columns whose contents don’t require wrapping.


  • Citation definitions are not output when using sphinx (#262, PR #268 by Alex Fargus)

  • Setting the base for a style to PARENT_STYLE results in a crash.

  • docutils image directive: crash when encountering a width/height containing a decimal point (#251 by Karel Frajtak)

  • docutils inline images don’t support width, height and scale options

  • crash on using characters for page numbering (PDF backend)

  • rinoh –install_resources: wrong section numbers when resources need to be installed

  • The style of a heading is influenced by the style defined for the page header

  • A heading is still displayed in the page header even if it doesn’t fit on the page and thus moved to the next

Part of the work included in this release was kindly sponsored by Joby Aviation.

Release 0.5.2 (2021-02-24)

New Features:

  • If the RINOH_SINGLE_PASS environment variable is set, rendering will be stopped after a single pass. This speeds up iteration when tweaking style sheets or templates.

  • Sphinx builder: the rinoh_targets configuration variable allows limiting the documents to a subset of those listed in rinoh_documents.

  • The ‘number_format’ style property can now also accept styled text strings which replace the auto-numbered label.

  • Document elements (Styled objects) can more easily be matched based on their ID (or ‘name’ in docutils terms) by means of the has_id selector property.


  • docutils/Sphinx frontend: will default to referencing targets by number if possible, even if a custom label is explicitly set. This behaviour can be overridden in the style sheet by setting the type property of the linked reference style to ‘custom’ (see also issue #244).


  • Sphinx style sheet: the object description is always rendered to the right of the signature, no matter how wide the signature is.

  • Incorrect/useless warnings that popped up with release 0.5.1.

Part of the work included in this release was kindly sponsored by Joby Aviation.

Release 0.5.1 (2021-02-19)

New Features:

  • Paragraphs can now be numbered. rinohtype also allows for referencing them by number, but docutils/Sphinx doesn’t readily offer the means express that. A workaround for this will be included in a future release.


  • Fix issues with metadata (title, author) stored in the PDF Info dictionary

  • Fix handling of no-break spaces (they were rendered using the fallback font)

  • When a caption occurs in an unnumbered chapter, an exception aborts rendering (even when number_separator style attribute is set to None)

  • Handling of base template specified as string in a template configuration

  • Table column widths entries now also accept fractions

Part of the work included in this release was kindly sponsored by Joby Aviation.

Release 0.5.0 (2021-02-03)

New Features:

  • Google Fonts: if a specified typeface is not installed, rinohtype attempts to download the corresponding fonts from Google Fonts. Simply supply the font name as listed on as a value for the typeface style property.

  • Table: in addition to fixed and relative-width columns, you can indicate columns to be automatically sized by specifying a value of ‘auto’ in the ‘column_widths’ style parameter in your style sheet.

  • docutils frontend: support the :align: option to table directives, which will override the alignment set for the table in the style sheet.

  • The starting number of enumerated lists in reStructuredText is respected.

  • Table column widths can be specified in the style sheet, which take effect when these haven’t been specified in the source document.

  • Document elements now store where they have been defined (document tree, style sheet file or template configuration file); when you specify relative paths (e.g. for images), they are interpreted relative to the location of their source. This should make things more intuitive.

  • The page_break style attribute is no longer reserved for sections; a page break can be forced before any flowable.

  • Enumerated list items with a hidden label (‘hide’ style attribute) are no longer counted in the numbering.

  • Templates and typefaces can be registered by name at runtime. This makes them referencable from template configuration and style sheet files. For example, custom templates/typefaces can be imported in a Sphinx project’s (to be documented).

  • It’s now possible to add arbitrary reStructuredText content to the front/back matter or elsewhere by adding a .. container:: with the ‘out-of-line’ class and a :name: to reference it by in the document template configuration, e.g. in the list of front matter flowables (to be documented).

  • Selectors in style sheet files (.rts) now support boolean and ‘None’ values. For example, you can select StaticGroupedFlowables based on whether they have any children or not: e.g TableCell(empty=true) selects empty table cells.

  • The document’s title and author are now stored in the PDF metadata.

  • “0” is now accepted as a valid value for Dimension-type attributes in style sheets and template configurations.


  • Rendering speed was more than doubled (caching)! (PR #197 by Alex Fargus)

  • Sphinx frontend: rinoh_documents now takes a list of dictionaries, one for each PDF document to be built. This allows selecting e.g. the template and logo on a per-document level. Support for rinoh_template, rinoh_stylesheet, rinoh_paper_size, rinoh_domain_indices and rinoh_logo was removed. Fallback to latex_documents is retained. (PR #182, #192, #195, #208 and #216 by Alex Fargus)

  • The default stylesheet (‘Sphinx’) now prevents captions from being separated from their image/table/code block (across pages).

  • Font weights and widths are now internally represented by integer classes. In addition to integer values, string values are still accepted (mapped to classes).

  • OpenTypeFont now determines the font weight, slant and width from the file. For backward compatibility, it still accepts these as arguments on instantiation but warns when they don’t match the values stored in the font.


  • Table column width determination was overhauled. Now fixed-width tables are supported and automatic-width columns should be handled better.

  • The ‘nested bulleted/enumerated list’ selectors were broken; their corresponding styles were never applied

  • Items inside a table cannot be referenced (issue #174)

  • Sphinx frontend: fix handling of relative image paths in .rst files inside a directory in the Sphinx project root

  • rinoh: fix –install-resources (broken since PyPI disabled XMLRPC searches)

  • GroupedLabeledFlowables: respect label_min_width and fix a crash with respect to space_below handling

  • Duplicate rendering of content in columns; if content was too small to fill the first column, it was rendered again in subsequent columns.

  • Crash on encountering a style for which no selector is defined.

Part of the work included in this release was kindly sponsored by Joby Aviation.

Release 0.4.2 (2020-07-28)

New Features:

  • before/after style attributes for StyledText (issue #158)

  • docutils/Sphinx frontend: don’t abort on encountering math/math_block, output the (LaTeX) math markup instead, along with printing a warning.

  • docutils frontend: raw inline text (with :format: 'rinoh') is parsed as styled text


  • crash when the ‘contents’ topic has multiple IDs (issue #173)

  • loading of the references cache (issue #170)

  • some issues with space_below handling

Release 0.4.1 (2020-07-01)

New Features:

  • UserStrings: arbitrary user-defined strings that can be defined in the template configuration or as a substitution definition in reStructuredText

  • strings in a StringCollection can now be styled text

  • Sphinx frontend: use the today and today_fmt configuration variables for the date on the title page

  • Sphinx frontend: allow extensions access to the builder object (issue #155)

  • rinoh: --output writes the output PDF to a specified location


  • Regression in handling images that don’t fit on the current page (issue #153)

  • Fix crash when rendering local table of contents (issue #160)

  • Sphinx frontend: support code-block/literalinclude with caption (issue #128)

  • rinoh: variables set in a template configuration file are sometimes ignored (issue #164)

  • Crash when using a font that contains unsupported lookups (issue #141)

Release 0.4.0 (2020-03-05)

New Features:

  • automatically generated lists of figures and tables

  • paragraphs now provide default tab stops (proportional to font size) for indentation

  • stylesheet (.rts) and template configuration (.rtt) files now support specifying inline and background images (#107 and #108); to be documented

  • it is now possible to specify selector priority (+-) in style sheets

  • Sphinx frontend: the rinoh builder can be discovered by entry point (no more need to add ‘rinoh.frontend.sphinx’ to the list of extensions)

  • rinoh: set a return code of 1 when one or more referenced images could not be found (issue #104)

  • rinoh: introduce the --install-resources option to control the automatic installation of resources from PyPI

  • German locale (contributed by Michael Kaiser)

  • Polish locale (contributed by Mariusz Jamro)


  • Python 3.3 & 3.4 are no longer supported since they have reached end-of-life

  • remove the dependency on purepng by embedding its

  • limit the width of images to the available width by default

  • XML frontend: special case mixed content nodes

  • fixes in the design of stylesheet/template code


  • various regressions (PR #142 by Norman Lorrain)

  • fix issues with variables defined in a base style sheet/template config

  • various footnote rendering issues

  • border width is also taken into account for flowables that are continued on a new page (#127)

  • Sphinx: handle case when source_suffix is a list (PR #110 by Nick Barrett)

  • incompatibility with Sphinx 1.6.1+ (latex_paper_size)

  • docutils: crash when a footnote is defined in an admonition (issue #95)

  • docutils: crash on encountering a raw text role (issue #99)

  • docutils: ‘decoration’ node (header/footer) is not yet supported (issue #112)

  • crash when a table cell contains (only) an image

  • colours of PNG images with gamma (gAMA chunk) set are incorrect (#102)

  • Sphinx: image paths with wildcard extension are not supported (#119)

  • GroupedFlowables: space_below should only be considered at the end

  • adapt to PEP 479 (Change StopIteration handling inside generators), the default in Python 3.7 (issue #133)

  • fix compatibility with Python 3.6.7 and 3.7.1 (tokenizer changes)

  • fix crash caused by Python 3.8’s changes to int.__str__

Release 0.3.1 (2016-12-19)

New Features:

  • rinoh is now also available as a stand-alone application for both Windows (installer) and macOS (app); they include an embedded CPython installation

  • index terms can be StyledText now (in addition to str)

  • the ‘document author’ metadata entry can now be displayed using a Field

  • Sphinx frontend: support the ‘desc_signature_line’ node (new in Sphinx 1.5)

  • rinoh –docs: open the online documentation in the default browser


  • more closely mimic the Sphinx LaTeX builder’s title page (issue #60)

  • there is no default for PageTemplate.chapter_title_flowables anymore since they are specific to the document template


  • handle StyledText metadata (such as document title)

  • Sphinx frontend: support the ‘autosummary_toc’ node

  • DummyFlowable now sticks to the flowable following it (keep_with_next), so that (1) it does not break this behavior of Heading preceding it, and (2) IndexTargets do not get separated from the following flowable

  • bug in LabeledFlowable that broke keep_with_next behavior

  • the descender size of the last flowable in a GroupedFlowables with keep_with_next=True was getting lost

  • GroupedFlowables should not mark the page non-empty; this caused empty pages before the first chapter if it is preceded by grouped DummyFlowables

Release 0.3.0 (2016-11-23)

New Features:

  • support localization of standard document strings (en, fr, it, nl) (#53)

  • localized strings can be overridden in the document template configuration

  • make use of a fallback typeface when a glyph is not available (#55) (the ‘fallback’ style in the Sphinx stylesheet sets the fallback typeface)

  • template configuration (INI) files: specify which document parts to include, configure document part and page templates, customize localized strings, …

  • support specifying more complex selectors directly in a style sheet file

  • (figure and table) captions support hierarchical numbering (see CaptionStyle)

  • make the frontends independent of the current working directory

  • reStructuredText: support the table :widths: option (upcoming docutils 0.13)

  • Sphinx frontend: provide styles for Sphinx’s inline markup roles

  • rinoh (command line renderer):

    • support template configuration files

    • support file formats for which a frontend is installed (see –list-formats)

    • accept options to configure the frontend (see –list-options)

    • option to list the installed fonts (on the command line or in a PDF file)

  • show the current page number as part of the rendering progress indicator

  • Book template: support for setting a cover page

  • frontends: raise a more descriptive exception when a document tree node is not mapped

  • validate the default value passed to an Attribute

  • preliminary support for writing a style sheet to an INI file, listing default values for non-specified attributes (#23)


  • rinoh: the output PDF is now placed in the current directory, not in the same directory as the input file

  • Sphinx builder configuration: replace the rinoh_document_template and rinoh_template_configuration options with rinoh_template

  • if no base is given for a style, style attribute lookup proceeds to look in the style of the same name in the base style sheet (#66)

  • DEFAULT_STYLE can be used as a base style to prevent style attribute lookup in the style of the same name in the base style sheet

  • rename FieldList to DefinitionList and use it to replace uses (docutils and Sphinx frontends) of the old DefinitionList (#54)

  • the new DefinitionList (FieldList) can be styled like the old DefinitionList by setting max_label_width to None, 0 or a 0-valued Dimension

  • figures are now non-floating by default (float placement needs more work)

  • hide the index chapter when there are no index entries (#51)

  • style sheets: use the default matcher if none is specified

  • Sphinx style sheet: copy the admonition style from the Sphinx LaTeX builder

  • Sphinx style sheet: keep the admonition title together with the body

  • Sphinx style sheet: color linked references as in the LaTeX output (#62)

  • Sphinx style sheet: disable hyphenation/ligatures for literal strong text

  • no more DocumentSection; a document now consists of parts (containing pages)

  • template configuration:

    • refer to document part templates by name so that they can be replaced

    • the list of document parts can be changed in the template configuration

    • document parts take the ‘end_at_page’ option (left, right, or any)

    • find (left/right) page templates via the document part name they belong to

    • fall back to <doc_part>_page when the right or left template is not found

    • each template configuration requires a name

  • DocumentTree: make the source_file argument optional

  • don’t abort when the document section hierarchy is missing levels (#67)

  • use the PDF backend by default (no need to specify it)

  • store the unit with Dimension instances (better printing)

  • rename the float module to image


  • improve compatibility with Windows: Windows path names and file encoding

  • crash if a StyledText is passed to HeadingStyle.number_separator

  • GroupedLabeledFlowables label width could be unnecessarily wide

  • fix and improve automatic table column sizing

  • Figures can now be referenced using the ‘reference’ format (“Figure 1.2”)

  • HorizontallyAlignedFlowable: make more robust

  • make document elements referenceable by secondary IDs

  • reStructuredText: only the first classifier for a definition term was shown

  • Sphinx frontend: support the ‘centered’ directive

  • Sphinx frontend: basic support for the ‘hlist’ directive

  • Sphinx frontend: handle :abbr: without explanation

  • Sphinx frontend: support nested inline nodes (guilabel & samp roles)

  • PDF backend: fix writing of Type 1 fonts from a parsed PDF file

  • PDF reader: handle multi-page PDFs (#71)

  • PDF reader: fix parsing of XRef streams

  • PDF reader: fix writing of parsed files

Release 0.2.1 (2016-08-18)

New Features:

  • optionally limit the width of large images and make use of this to simulate the Sphinx LaTeX builder behavior (#46)

  • reStructuredText/Sphinx: support for images with hyperlinks (#49)

  • record the styled page numbers in the PDF as page labels (#41)

  • unsupported Python versions: prevent installation where possible (sdist) or exit on import (wheel)

  • support Python 3.6


  • make StyleSheet objects picklable so the Sphinx builder’s rinoh_stylesheet option can actually be used

  • Fix #47: ClassNotFound exception in Literal_Block.lexer_getter()

  • Fix #45: Images that don’t fit are still placed on the page

  • don’t warn about duplicate style matches that resolve to the same style

Release 0.2.0 (2016-08-10)


  • generate a style log (show matching styles) to help style sheet development

  • keep_with_next style attribute: prevent splitting two flowables across pages

  • stylesheets can be loaded from files in INI format

  • check the type of attributes passed to styles

  • source code highlighting using Pygments

  • table of contents entries can be styled more freely

  • allow hiding the section numbers of table of contents entries

  • allow for custom chapter titles

  • selectors can now also select based on document part/section

  • various small tweaks to selectors and matchers

  • various fixes relating to style sheets


  • configurable standard document templates: article and book

  • a proper infrastructure for creating custom document templates

  • support for left/right page templates

  • make the Article template more configurable

  • pages now have background, content and header/footer layers

  • support for generating an index

  • make certain strings configurable (for localization, for example)


  • Sphinx: interpret the LaTeX configuration variables if the corresponding rinohtype variable is not set

  • Sphinx: roughly match the LaTeX output (document template and style sheet)

  • added a CommonMark frontend based on recommonmark

  • added basic ePUB and DocBook frontends

  • XML frontends: fix whitespace handling

  • frontends now return generators yielding flowables (more flexible)

Command-line Renderer (rinoh):

  • allow specifying a template and style sheet

  • automatically install typefaces used in the style sheet from PyPI


  • typefaces are discovered/loaded by entry point

  • more complete support for OpenType fonts

  • fix support for the 14 base Type 1 fonts


  • more versatile image sizing: absolute width/height & scaling

  • allow specifying the baseline for inline images

  • several fixes in the JPEG reader


  • reorganize the Container class hierarchy

  • fixes in footnote handling

  • drop Python 3.2 support (3.3, 3.4 and 3.5 are supported)

Release 0.1.3 (2015-08-04)

  • recover from the slow rendering speed caused by a bugfix in 0.1.2 (thanks to optimized element matching in the style sheets)

  • other improvements and bugfixes related to style sheets

Release 0.1.2 (2015-07-31)

  • much improved Sphinx support (we can now render the Sphinx documentation)

  • more complete support for reStructuredText (docutils) elements

  • various fixes related to footnote placement

  • page break option when starting a new section

  • fixes in handling of document sections and parts

  • improvements to section/figure/table references

  • native support for PNG and JPEG images (drops PIL/Pillow requirement, but adds PurePNG 0.1.1 requirement)

  • new ‘sphinx’ stylesheet used by the Sphinx builder (~ Sphinx LaTeX style)

  • restores Python 3.2 compatibility

Release 0.1.1 (2015-04-12)

First preview release